High speed keyword research

Keyword research for SEO
The ultimate guide

Keyword research for SEO: the ultimate guide

Keyword research is the first step in the SEO copywriting process and an essential part of any SEO strategy. Before you write your website content you need to think about which search terms you want to be found for and this means getting inside people’s heads to find out which words they use when searching. Then you can use these exact terms in your content so that you start ranking for them. This is keyword research and this ultimate guide will take you through the many steps involved.

What is keyword research?

Before we start explaining the process of keyword research, let’s look at the most important concepts behind it.

Keyword research can be defined as the work you do to come up with an extensive list of keywords you want to rank for.

Keyword strategy is about the decisions you make on the basis of that keyword research.

Key phrases are keywords containing multiple words. We tend to use the word keyword all the time, but we don’t necessarily mean it’s only one word. ‘WordPress SEO’ is a keyword, as is ‘Google Analytics plugin’. Keywords usually consist of multiple words! So, in this guide, when we talk about keywords, we usually mean a phrase, rather than a single word.

Long tail keywords are more specific and less common because they focus more on a niche. The longer (and more specific) search terms are, the easier it will be to rank for the term. Keywords that are more specific (and often longer) are usually referred to as long tail keywords.

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Focus keyword is the keyword or the key phrase you most want your page to be found for. You should put your focus keyword into the meta box of the Yoast SEO plugin.

Search intent is all about discovering what a searcher actually wants. These are not just keywords, but the underlying goals of what a searcher wants to know, do or buy.

Read more: What is keyword research? »

Why is keyword research important?

Proper keyword research is important because it will make clear which search terms your audience uses. At Yoast, we frequently come across clients who use one set of words when describing their products, while their target audience uses a completely different set of words. These sites aren’t found by their potential customers because of a mismatch in word use.

It doesn’t make any sense to optimize for words that people don’t use. Good keyword research makes sure that you use the same words as your target audience and this makes the whole effort of optimizing your website far more worthwhile. In addition, by looking at search intent, you find out which questions your customer has. Those questions should get an answer in the form of quality content.

Keep reading: The basis of keyword research »

Doing keyword research for SEO

For us, there are three steps to keyword research. First, you write down the mission of your business. Next, you make a list of all the keywords you want to be found for. Finally, you create landing pages for each of those keywords. This ultimate guide takes you through these three steps in much more detail.

Step by step we’ll guide you through the entire keyword research process, and we’ll give you practical tips to easily start your own keyword research.

Step 1: What is your mission?

Before starting anything, think about your mission. Think about questions like: Who are you? What is your website about? What makes you special? And what promises do you make on your website?

Read on: What is the mission of your website »

A lot of people can’t effectively answer these questions at first. You have to figure out what makes you stand out from the crowd. So take your time and literally write down your mission on a piece of paper, a computer or an iPad – anything will do, as long as you do it. Once you’re able to answer these questions in detail, you will have taken the first and most important step in your keyword strategy.

Things to consider: How competitive is your market?

The market you’re in determines whether your mission will prove genius enough to sell your products to people. Some markets are highly competitive, with large companies dominating the search results. These companies have huge budgets for marketing in general and SEO in particular. Competing in these markets is tough, so ranking in these markets is also going to be tough.

Perhaps you sell cruises to Hawaii. You offer great facilities for children, making the cruises especially suitable for young or single parents. Offering great cruises to Hawaii for young parents could very well be what makes your service unique. Look for the thing that makes your product stand out from the competition. This should be your mission, your niche – and this is what you have to offer your audience.

If you’re launching into in a competitive market, you’re probably best to start out small. Once you ‘own’ a small part of that niche and become a big name in the business of cruises to Hawaii, you could try to go one level up and sell your cruises to a larger (more general) audience. Your mission will then become much more general as well.

Step 2: Make a list of keywords

The second step of keyword research is creating a list of your keywords. With your mission in mind, try to get into the heads of your potential buyers. What will these people be looking for? What kind of search terms could they be using while looking for your amazing service or product? Ask yourself these questions and write down as many answers as possible.

If your mission is clear, you will have a pretty clear image of your niche and your unique selling points (the things that set your business apart from others). These are the terms you want to be found for.

To consider: Make sure the keywords fit your site

Be aware that you should be found for terms that match your site. If we went crazy and did our very best to make yoast.com rank for ballet shoes, people would be rather disappointed to find our site. They would probably instantly go back to Google. If we ranked for ballet shoes, we would have a massive bounce rate. And a high bounce rate tells Google that people are not finding what they are looking for based on their search term. This would inevitably lead to a lower ranking on ballet shoes for our site – and that would be completely justified because we know nothing about ballet, nor about shoes for that matter.

Tools you can use

Making a list of possible search terms is hard. Up until a few years ago you could just check Google Analytics and see the terms people used to find your website, but unfortunately, that’s no longer possible. So you have pretty much no idea which terms people use in search engines to end up at your website. Luckily, there are still some other tools which make your keyword research a bit easier. Read our post about tools you can use in your keyword research for more tips and tricks.

Step 3: Look at search intent

Much of today’s SEO strategy should revolve around answering the questions people have. Whenever someone enters a search query into a search engine, they are on a quest for something. Every type of question needs a specific answer. In my SEO basics article on search intent, I said:

“Search intent has to do with the reason why people conduct a specific search. Why are they searching? Are they searching because they have a question and want an answer to that question? Are they searching for a specific website? Or, are they searching because they want to buy something?”

When planning your content, always ask yourself these questions. There are four types of intents:

  • Informational intent: Just like it says on the tin, people are trying to find information on a specific topic.
  • Navigational intent: People want to access a specific website by entering the term in a search engine.
  • Commercial intent: People want to buy something sometime soon and are doing research before making a purchase.
  • Transactional intent: People are looking to buy something after doing their commercial intent searches.

Find out which intents apply to you and try to answer these search intents by literally giving people what they want.

Step 4: Construct landing pages

The next step towards a long-term keyword strategy is to create awesome landing pages. In the past, every one of the keywords you want to be found for got its own landing page. Today, however, search engines are so smart that they mostly use search intent to give searchers the best answer to their questions. The page that answers those questions best will rank on top. Search engines also understand subtle differences between keywords so you don’t have to do your utmost best to distinguish singular and plural terms, for instance. So you can optimize a page for multiple keywords.

We would advise you to build your page structure in a well-structured way – using a spreadsheet programme like Excel or Google Docs/Sheets is a great way to do this. Create a table then add your list of keywords. Using a table forces you to set up a structure and to make relevant landing pages. Put the search terms in the first column and add columns for the different levels of your site’s structure.

Then you’ll need to build a landing page for your search terms, but you don’t have to create all these pages immediately – it can be a long-term thing. The more specific your search term is, the further down into your site structure the term’s landing page belongs. The most important keywords will lead to your cornerstone content articles. These are the keywords you definitely want to rank for. To do this, you create the best possible content about that keyword – authoritative and all-encompassing, just like the ultimate guide you are reading right now. All your supporting articles will link to this cornerstone content. This should be part of your internal linking strategy, which Yoast SEO Premium can help you implement.

After completing your keyword research for SEO, you should have a clear overview of the terms people use and the terms you want the pages on your site to be found for. This overview should guide you in writing content for your website

Want to learn practical SEO skills to rank higher in Google? Our Basic SEO training is just what you need! »

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Long-term keyword strategy

No website should rely on one single keyword or one keyphrase for its traffic. You should use your mission as a starting point, then take our three steps in carrying out proper keyword research and work towards a solid base: a keyword strategy. This section of our ultimate guide explains why it’s important to have a long-term keyword strategy.

How many keywords?

We can’t tell you the exact number of keywords you should have, but we can tell you that you need a lot of them – as many as you can think of. However, more than 1000 keywords is probably too many!

Even if you’re a reasonably small business, you’ll probably end up with a couple of hundred keywords. But there’s no need to create pages for all of these straight away. The great thing about having a Content Management System (CMS) like WordPress is that you can add content bit by bit. Think about what keywords you want to rank for now, and which ones aren’t immediately so important. Understand your priorities and plan the creation of your content.

Keep on reading: Managing a growing blog: content planning »

Ad hoc keyword research strategies

In an ideal world, you would do your keyword research, make a beautiful table and create landing pages for each one. Your site structure would be flawless and you would blog and write every day making your site rank higher and higher in Google. Unfortunately, we live in the real world.

Of course, your keyword research will not always be as extensive. And some posts or articles aren’t written as part of an awesome strategy, but just because the topic was in the news or something inspired you to write it. That’s just how these things work. But this doesn’t have to be a problem.

If you’re writing something that doesn’t exactly fit your strategy, this doesn’t mean you shouldn’t try to make that content rank. You could still use it to rank for something related to the terms in the list of your keyword strategy. Use tools like Google Trends to choose which keyword you’d like to rank for. At least take some time to think about how to make your article or blog fit your strategy. After all, if you are writing valuable content, you might as well make it rank!

Learn how to write engaging copy and how to organize it well on your site: Combine our SEO copywriting and Site structure training. »

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The importance of long tail keyword strategy

Focusing on long tail keywords should be an important part of a long-term keyword research strategy. Long tail keywords are keywords or key phrases that are more specific (and usually longer) than more common keywords, often called “head” keywords. Long tail keywords get less search traffic, but will usually have a higher conversion value, as they focus more on a specific product or topic. Read our post about the importance of long tail keywords if you want to know why you should focus on long tail keywords when optimizing your site.

Read more: Make friends with the long tail »

Multiple focus keywords

Our Yoast SEO Premium plugin allows you to optimize your content for multiple keywords – up to five per article in fact. Our post about multiple focus keywords explains why it’s important to use the multiple focus keyword functionality while optimizing your text. We’ve also written a post about why you shouldn’t use your focus keyword more than once.

Keep reading: How to choose the perfect focus keyword »

Conclusion on keyword research for SEO

Keyword research should be the start of any sustainable SEO strategy. The result will be a long list of keywords for which you’d like to be found. But the hardest part is still ahead: writing all that content. You should write articles and blog posts on every single keyword you would like to be found for. That’s quite a challenge!

Read on: SEO copywriting: the ultimate guide »


25 Responses to Keyword research for SEO: the ultimate guide

  1. Digember
    Digember  • 5 months ago

    Keywords are still a ranking factor but we can rank for a keyword even if we use it once in our content. But for that, we have to write an amazing content. Planning for keyword research should start from low competition high volume strategy. Then goes to search terms, monthly search term, long tail keywords for your primary keyword, LSI keyword (semantic), keywords in title, slug, description, headings, etc. Overstuffing keyword could have a bad impact on the ranking.

  2. Naveen Kumar
    Naveen Kumar  • 5 months ago

    thanx for sharing this valuable information with us, your article is very helpful & provide lots of information for beginners.

  3. Ashim sharma
    Ashim sharma  • 5 months ago

    Thanks for the nice tips. Yoast is the best plugin. We love it!

  4. Basit Ansari
    Basit Ansari  • 5 months ago

    Thank you so much for telling me these kind of articles.

  5. Andy Kuiper
    Andy Kuiper  • 5 months ago

    Thanks for sharing Marieke :-)

  6. Sriya
    Sriya  • 5 months ago

    Thanks for sharing this article, gained more knowledge about keywords, importance of keywords etc, the article is really informative.

  7. Mohamadou Bello
    Mohamadou Bello  • 5 months ago

    Great article, i think thats the next thing i will review right now. Thank You

  8. Chris Surridge
    Chris Surridge  • 5 months ago

    A great blog piece! Very educational and good to go back to SEO basics every now and then and learn things from afresh. I’ve passed this along to my team to read.

    • Edwin Toonen
      Edwin Toonen  • 5 months ago

      Excellent, Chris! Thanks for reading.

  9. kapil heera
    kapil heera  • 5 months ago

    Hey thank you very much for the insights. Your article is really helpful and provides a lot of important information. You have explained importance of keyword research elaborately. your article is great guide for the beginers. Thank you for sharing it.

    • Willemien Hallebeek
      Willemien Hallebeek  • 5 months ago

      You’re welcome, Kapil!

  10. انجام پروژه
    انجام پروژه  • 5 months ago

    Hello
    I think your kwfinder tool is not suitable for other languages like Arabic and Farsi, Do you think your data is enough for other languages?\

  11. Gatuna
    Gatuna  • 5 months ago

    I really liked this article. It is a great piece with lot’s of informative information for bloggers and website owners.

  12. matlabi
    matlabi  • 5 months ago

    This educational post really changed my attitude towards the content of my site.
    Thanks yoast

  13. nexvan
    nexvan  • 5 months ago

    The article was good
    Small keywords with better long term strategy?
    Or great keywords with short-term strategy?

    • nexvan
      nexvan  • 5 months ago

      The article was good
      I mean
      Short keywords are better with long term strategy
      Or long term keywords with short term strategy?

    • Willemien Hallebeek
      Willemien Hallebeek  • 5 months ago

      Hi Nexvan,
      Not sure what you mean. In general I’d say focus first on long tail keywords as part of your long term strategy.

      • nexvan
        nexvan  • 5 months ago

        Hi Willemien Hallebeek,
        I mean
        Short keywords are better with long term strategy
        Or long term keywords with short term strategy?

  14. Nathan K Smith
    Nathan K Smith  • 5 months ago

    What is a better keyword to target in the title of a blog post, keyword+city OR city+keyword?

  15. Gordon Diffey
    Gordon Diffey  • 5 months ago

    That is a well-produced article. My only criticism is the use f the term “keyword” because in real terms it is dead and gets confused by many professionals and non-professionals. I prefer the replacement of “keyword” with “search term” as it feels more in-tune with user intent and the way the search engines work.

    • Willemien Hallebeek
      Willemien Hallebeek  • 5 months ago

      Hi Gordon, thanks for your addition. Using the words ‘search term’ sounds good to me and it might avoid the confusion with meta keywords too. Nevertheless, keyword probably is a better keyword for this article ;-)

  16. carros para pcd
    carros para pcd  • 5 months ago

    I loved the tips of Yoast SEO fact greatly facilitates our work. Thank you!

  17. Jennie Murray
    Jennie Murray  • 5 months ago

    This is such a helpful article. Thank you! I’m currently helping to develop two new websites (one for services and one for products) and this has given me very useful strategies to tackle each.

    • Willemien Hallebeek
      Willemien Hallebeek  • 5 months ago

      You’re welcome, good luck with your sites!


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