Shopping cart abandonment

We optimize our checkout process continually. To do so, we keep track of our shopping cart abandonment. Why won’t people complete their purchase, even after they have already added your products to their shopping carts? That’s what we’ll discuss in this article.

Some of the reasons for shopping cart abandonment are so obvious, that you would almost forget to take these into account when optimizing your checkout process. You see, a lot of the focus on shopping cart abandonment is on why people would abandon a shopping cart, and how to prevent it. However, we think there’s one step to take into account before abandonment.

Use of shopping cart

Research by Close and Kukar-Kinney (2010) states that at first, it’s not about why people abandon a shopping cart. It’s about why they’re using the shopping cart in the first place! You’d think the main reason for putting products in a shopping cart is to purchase your stuff, right? That might not be entirely true. It’s actually a pretty big assumption when you think of it!

Close and Kukar-Kinney actually found that a significant number of people also used the shopping cart as a sort of wish list or to simply check out the total price. The reason for the latter could be that the user, for instance, wants to check for any hidden costs you might add later on in the checkout process.

It’s mentioned in at least one other study by Kaufman-Scarborough and Lindquist (2002) that people might use the shopping cart for other purposes than just buying directly. What does that mean in terms of shopping cart abandonment? Quite a lot. The Kaufman-Scarborough and Lindquist study states:

Perhaps the notion of “abandonment” is an oversimplification. Some consumers may simply use shopping carts to investigate and tally possible future purchases, with no intent to purchase at the specific time that they are online.

Online window shopping

A woman’s perspective by Marieke

Although hard to imagine for some, shopping is not solely a functional activity for everyone. Some people just love to shop, even without buying anything. These so-called window shoppers take pleasure just in the shopping activity; regardless of them actually buying anything. In most cases, these people don’t have the budget to ever buy the stuff they’re looking at.

I would expect there to be window shoppers on the internet as well. They’ll pick out stuff and put it in their baskets, without any intention to buy (all of it). Putting stuff in their baskets is just good fun for these window shoppers. Their shopping needs are met solely by filling their baskets. Shopping cart abandonment could thus be partly explained by online window shopping.

They might just be right. People aren’t abandoning a cart at all if they use it as a wish list. They might just be setting the cart aside and go for a nice cup of joe. Only to come back later and purchase all the things in that cart anyway. Calling it abandonment is in itself an assumption. It would be better to call it shopping cart use. Understanding how and why people use your shopping cart is quite important.

On a side note: think about what this means if your session time-out is set to one hour or so. That simply means that all these people using your cart as a wish list see their wish list emptied, while they might want to buy everything this evening. Or even purchase all tomorrow. A nice reason for longer session cookie expiration times, right?


It’s not an easy job to find out why people are abandoning your shopping cart, let alone how people are using your shopping cart. That doesn’t mean it’s impossible to do. When we first published this article in 2014, we mentioned that it would be great if more companies would try to be of assistance in this. Every customer is different; perhaps that’s what makes this very complicated. But that’s just me thinking out loud.

Up to today, it’s mostly reading or doing studies and funneling/enhanced eCommerce in Google Analytics that will give you some insights. Enhanced eCommerce will tell you at which point people abandon your cart and with what product in that cart. There is some filtering that can be done here as well; it might be worth your while to dig into this, actually.
It will also pay off to simply ask your visitors why they abandon your website. That can be done by e.g. creating a so-called exit intent survey. That survey will only pop up if a visitor is moving his cursor to close the window. If you ask people at this point in time why they’re leaving, it could give you some very useful insights.

Baymard Institute has compiled 24 different studies and found that the average shopping cart abandonment is a whopping 68.63% (January 14, 2016). That’s a lot. It shows that you want to be sure you’ve looked at it from every possible angle.

Shopping cart abandonment

Even if a vast number of your visitors uses your cart as a wish list or for later purchase, there still are people that actually abandon your shopping cart. They all have their reasons. Results from surveys asking customers why they abandoned the shopping cart give useful additional insights:

Statista: Shopping Cart Abandonment US (2015)

This chart by Statista shows that people browse eCommerce sites and simply add products to the cart just to be able to decide later if it’s worth buying. As always, you need to be aware that methods of doing such research, especially in surveys, can lead to some discrepancies. A 2014 study by comScore showed that “not being ready to purchase” or “saving the items for later” were the biggest factors. I can totally see that being true today as well. It aligns with the ‘wanted to wait for it to go on sale’ in the Statista chart as well.

Mobile cart abandonment

Abandonment can be caused by a lot of factors. Ventureburn recently listed seven more reasons that apply to mobile shopping carts that make perfect sense to me:

  1. Long checkout process
  2. Poor design
  3. Bad loading speed
  4. Not interruption-proof
  5. Registration forms
  6. Limited payment methods
  7. No A/B testing – no conversion improvements

I like the fourth one a lot. Especially when surfing a website on a mobile device, interruption is always a factor. I totally agree with that last one as well: keep on testing, monitoring and improving. Find more details in the article by Ventureburn itself: 7 reasons why customers are abandoning your mobile shopping cart.


Being clear about your prices and additional costs is just one of the things we mentioned as an improvement for your checkout page or shopping cart. There are many things you can do to keep people from abandoning or ‘misusing’ your shopping cart. After reading this post, one of them must seem quite obvious: offer people the wish list we mentioned earlier. Amazon is the obvious example for this. It’s an effective way to reduce the ‘noise’ in your statistics from alternate uses of your shopping carts.

Being clear seems to be a common thread in the advice:

  • Clearly state prices.
  • Clearly state any additional (f.i. shipping) costs.
  • Clearly state your payment options.
  • Clearly state the number of steps in your checkout process.

Just to name a few.

Over to you

What about your shopping cart? Do you monitor abandonment? Do you already provide that wish list? Or does that make no sense at all for your website? I trust this post will give you some food for thought for your own website!

Read more: How we built a checkout page we’re proud of »

Coming up next!

14 Responses to Shopping cart abandonment

  1. Peter Tulp
    Peter Tulp  • 10 years ago


    Great Post.

    What Bizutik says, is very important here I think:

    “Maybe there are more factors like: who are your clients, what kind of product you are selling etc.”

    What is the source of the visitors? How targeted are they?

    And for the exit intent survey (please click on link in article above and do the 2 tests..):

    A: If you’re giving me 15% off only when I leave: I might feel mislead. But agreed: I might sometimes buy then… So it might work. But it’s not good for serious branding I think.

    B: If you give me the opportunity for you to reach out to me and answer questions… That might scare me off a little bit. Maybe I don’t want any contact (yet). Maybe I don’t have any questions and leave anyway… Thinking: “I’ll be back when I’m ready” And we all know this is marketing curse..


    …You try to get me on a special list with a compelling optin form.. For example offering me a free short report on the (advantages of) the product? Any extra insight?

    From your Shoppingcart Exits, you then have the chance of building a good list of serious hand raisers to market to… You don’t lose them with the examples above..

    How much would that be worth?

    Or is any of this already existing?

    I’m starting my first Copywriting and Info Marketing Business this month! Yes!

    Good Selling to you all..

  2. Mary Kay Lofurno
    Mary Kay Lofurno  • 10 years ago

    Good post. I know what has helped for us is to have some way to show the pricing right up front. Abandonment for that page may be high but the overall conversion rate [its a 4 step process] is higher. These are for products that are not traditional ecommerce setting where shipping is a factor. Thanks for sharing. Mary Kay

  3. Ivan Guel
    Ivan Guel  • 11 years ago

    Great post! This reminds me of a recent observation I made when analyzing the booking funnel of a website that sells all-inclusive travel packages. The greatest abandonment rate occurred after the user was presented with extra services (unexpected costs)… the drop was staggering.

  4. Anchit Shethia
    Anchit Shethia  • 11 years ago

    Amazon plays very aggressively on this. They have mastered this industry. An article worth sharing. That graph was helping in evaluating my research :)

  5. Oliver Cole
    Oliver Cole  • 11 years ago

    Great read really interesting stuff keep it coming please

  6. Ryan
    Ryan  • 11 years ago

    Thanks for bringing a few new shopping cart abandonment studies to my attention. I have yet to implement ‘exit intent surveys’ on my sites but it looks like they have great potential. Are there any other alternatives I should look at?

    • Thijs de Valk

      Not that I know of, but if you find any, please let me know! :)

  7. Bi?utik
    Bi?utik  • 11 years ago

    Very interesting post. In my online shop the shopping cart abandonment is really low. Maybe there are more factors like: who are your clients, what kind of product you are selling etc.
    Although my shopping cart abandonment is low I wouldn’t mind if the convertion rate was much higher :)

    • Thijs de Valk

      Well, as mentioned above as well: we’re always happy to help! A Conversion Review will probably help you!

      And keep reading our blogposts of course! We’ll be blogging about conversion a lot more this year :)

  8. Colectare ulei alimentar uzat
    Colectare ulei alimentar uzat  • 11 years ago

    I noticed the same thing over the years. I have a couple of online stores. Tried everything and nothing worked.

    • Thijs de Valk

      Well you could try ordering a Conversion Review then and we’ll probably be able to tell you what you’re missing ;)

  9. Mark (Superticker)
    Mark (Superticker)  • 11 years ago

    Unfortunately, shipping and handling (S/H) costs vary widely among online retailers, and your only choice is the go through their checkout procedure to determine what those costs are. Two possible solutions to this:
    1) Reveal the S/H costs and choices as part of the first page of the checkout procedure. This way the merchant can track that you abandoned the cart at “Step 1” for this specific reason–hidden costs.
    2) Provide a real-time update of the S/H costs in the corner of the e-commerce website so shoppers are made aware of them before entering the checkout procedure.

    Some sites with very high S/H costs won’t provide them until the very last page of checkout (after you entered all your information, etc). I avoid those sites altogether; they’re a waste of my time and money.

    • Thijs de Valk

      Exactly. You have to be as clear as possible about your pricing. And I don’t mean just the pricing of your products, but the pricing of everything.

      And I think your reaction of avoidance is a common one, which is even worse for site owners than abandonment, because if they’re trying to optimize, they’ll miss that data.

      • wedding photographers suffolk
        wedding photographers suffolk  • 11 years ago

        Agreed. I feel exactly the same way.